Hendrik Petrus Berlage. Disegni
18th July – 28th September 1986
Berlage’s imperative is “Look at the building and at its history”. The constant attention he shows for History is one of the main reasons for the Biennale to devote its interest to him. Keeping faithful to its criticism towards the Modernist movement and its rationalism, this edition, as the previous ones, is centered in the relationship that, according to Portoghesi and Rossi, contemporary architecture should keep with the past.
Suspicious of liberty’s wiggly lines, and detached from the avant-gardes and the glorification of progress, Berlage develops an independent thought which leads him to design some of the most important architectural projects of the 20th century, such as the Stock Exchange in Amsterdam in 1903. A series of utopic compositions testify the fascination that creating a “total work of art” hold on him, unifying art, architecture, history and space: Beethoven’s house, Wagner Theatre on behalf of the Wagner Society, the Lenin mausoleum in the Red Square are typical examples of such a will.
Right after Venice, the exhibition moved to Amsterdam, Paris and Berlin, in order to make people know the actuality and the force of this master’s admirable work.