Less Aestethics, More Ethics
7th International Architecture Exhibition
Director: Massimiliano FUKSAS
18th June – 29th October 2000
Site: Arsenale and Giardini
Director appointed by President Paolo Baratta
With a Biennale centered on research, titled Less Aesthetics, More Ethics, Massimiliano Fuksas abandons the usual set up of the previous Biennali. The exhibition is no longer based on the idea of architecture as buildings, but develops a 360° perspective on contemporary city, especially the megalopolis of the 21st century. As the title itself points out, it is essential for Fuksas to find a new way to relate to architecture, favoring the research of new ethical responses, rather than simply aesthetics, when developing a project. From the 90’s onward, the largeness and the speed in urban transformations, especially in Latin America, Asian South-East and Africa, have determined, along with pollution and a huge development of dimensions, new social discontent and disparity. This is why Fuksas decided to “use the Biennale as a lab to analyze the new planetary dimension of urban behaviors and transformations”, highlighting three main themes: the Environment, both as an object and a subject for thinking; Society, which represents the attention to urban changes; Technology, as information, communication, virtual dimensions.
The Corderie, the Artiglierie, the empty spaces at the Arsenale up to the Vergini (recovered by the Biennale presided by Paolo Baratta in 1999, and used for Architecture for the first time) and the Padiglione Italia, hosted a selection of architects, artists and photographers that had investigated metropolitan changes in the last years. More specifically, the set up at the Corderie dell’Arsenale, revising the continuous perspective of the Strada Novissima in 1980, is a significant example of fusion between digital technology and the architectural debate. In the 300 meters of the Corderie, a mega screen would present twelve videos of contemporary megalopolis: Bogotà, Buenos Aires, Bucharest, Budapest, Mexico City, New Delhi, Paris, São Paulo, Quito, Cairo, Athens and Montréal. The megalopolis appears to be a sort of global magma, where cultural stereotypes, turistic and economic flows all live together along with urban decay situations, which are often ignored or understated. The spaces of the Padiglione Italia hosted the works of architects, artists and photographers that, through different practices and methods, have questioned the evolution of the metropolis, underlining the necessity o fan interdisciplinary approach to catch up with the challenges present times may hold.
Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Renzo Piano, Paolo Soleri and Jørn Utzon.
Golden Lion for best interpretation of the exhibition: Jean Nouvel
Special prize for best National Participant: Padiglione Spagnolo
Special "Bruno Zevi" prize for best architecture professor: Joseph Rykwert
Special prize for best architectural works patron: Thomas Krens
Special prize for best architecture editor: Eduardo Luis Rodriguez, editor of Arquitectura Cuba
Special prize for best architecture photographer: Ilya Utkin